By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This e-book tells the tale of ways Shari'ati built a language of political Islam, talking in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Extra resources for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
Urbanization continued nonetheless, stretching urban infrastructure beyond endurable limits. 60 By 1977, the Pahlavi regime became a victim of the very modernization that it saw as its raison d’être. In 1977–78, even the closest allies of the Shah began to switch loyalties. With almost every section of the Iranian people opposed to the Shah’s highhanded inefficiency, the Shah had only one hope of survival—total disunity among the forces of the opposition. Since some of the opposition forces advocated constitutionalism and others some sort of Islamic order, the possibility of persistent disunity was fairly high.
The chapter means to establish political Islam not as a political agenda driven by traditionalist religious considerations, rather by essentially modern political, economic, and societal considerations The third chapter introduces ‘Ali Shari’ati as the only major protagonist of political Islam to challenge the normative foundations of modern political orders in general and the Pahlavi order in particular. The chapter details the foundation of his political thinking upon an innovative interpretation of the concept of tauheed, suggesting that a political order that does not 20 ‘ALI SHARI’ATI AND POLITICAL ISLAM IN IRAN represent the interest of all of its component parts equitably is ipso facto un-Islamic.
Their objection was against blind emulation of the west. 43 Probably the staunchest critics of the Pahlavi regime were the younger generation of western educated Iranians who came into public life after the Mashruteh revolution. Exposed to the western world to a greater extent than their predecessors, these individuals found Pahlavi reforms superficial, its patriotic credentials pretentious. In their opinion, Reza Shah was no patriot; rather, he was a self-seeking founder of a new dynasty, who enriched himself in whichever way possible.
‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran by By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee