By Stephen Tanner
Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, the area was once riveted as American army energy contested the mythical warrior tradition of Afghanistan. through spring 2002, the USA started to draw down its forces, its challenge entire: The Afghan Taliban regime has been overthrown and the terrorists it harbored have been at the run. used to be America's effortless victory evidence of its army superiority, or have been the Afghans basically eyeing the rookies as they've got watched overseas armies in centuries prior, understanding time is on their side?For over 2,500 years, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as a necessary crossroads--not only for armies yet for clashes among civilizations--the Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Tartars, and in additional contemporary occasions, Britain and Russia. Now the US needs to face a brand new enemy in this land--a land that for hundreds of years has develop into a graveyard of empires past.This first-ever whole army background of Afghanistan illuminates the vast ancient context into which American forces were drawn--a cautionary story, might be, in regards to the hazards which can lie forward.
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Extra info for Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban
The labor was divided between various units of the army so that the competition resulted in the city taking shape in twenty days. But while the work was in progress, Scythians had arrived on the other side of the river. While watching the labor, they taunted and insulted the Macedonians. Alexander correctly assessed that if these nomadic warriors remained unchallenged, their numbers would only grow and his new city would fall as soon as he left it behind. He placed catapults along the river and one of these, with a lucky shot, killed an enemy leader from longer range than the Scythians had ever seen.
Two dead slaves and one live pet dog were beside him. This was a severe blow to Alexander, to the degree that he craved legitimacy as well as power. Inheriting the empire from a pitifully murdered king was more an insult than a boon. Of course, that is exactly why the Great King—seen as a spent force and in any event a loser—was killed by his erstwhile loyalists. The nobles of Bactria and the East no longer desired to be tied to Darius's fortune; and if Alexander wished to keep marching, he would have to proceed against them, not the ill-fated Great King.
In one area plentiful trees and vines provide abundant crops of succulent fruits. The rich soil here is irrigated by numerous springs and the more fertile parts are sown with wheat, which the rest the inhabitants leave as grazing land for their animals. After that a large area of the country is engulfed by desert sands, and this desolate and arid region supports no human or vegetable life. . Where the soil is more fertile it supports large populations of humans and horses; and thus the Bactrian cavalry totalled 30,000.
Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban by Stephen Tanner