By Gordon Legge
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Additional resources for A Journalist's Guide to Islam
That was the date of the signing of the Anglo-Russian Convention, which divided Iran into spheres of inﬂuence and reconciled the differences between the governments of Russia and Britain. Though the preamble to the agreement mentioned the integrity and independence of Persia, the Iranian Government was not even informed about the Convention. ”24 Southeastern Iran came under the British sphere of inﬂuence, where Russia undertook similar obligations. The area between the Russian and British spheres was made neutral territory.
In addition to lands yielded under the Treaty of Gulistan, Iran had now to cede to Russia the khanates of Erevan and Nakhichevan. Iran also had to pay Russia the considerable indemnity of 20 million rubles. The ﬁrst Russian minister to be appointed to Tehran after the Treaty of Turkmanchai was Alexander Griboedov, the famous writer, who focused his attention on the implementation of the treaty by the Iranian government, in particular the articles dealing with the indemnity and the return of prisoners of war.
Russia’s advance into the Caucasus and Central Asia during the nineteenth century and the incorporation of the new Eastern territories into the empire, as well as her activities in the Middle East (including Iran), encouraged this development. Orientalism in Russia 30 Orientalism Russian style was not free of Western European inﬂuence, however. Some foreign specialists played an important role in its evolution, for example, the Germans Friedrich Adelung (1768–1843), who directed the Oriental Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Relations from 1825 until his death, and Christian M.
A Journalist's Guide to Islam by Gordon Legge