By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.
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Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)
Timbrels, trumpets, horns, pipes, and flutes were played, and choruses went singing through the streets, as cups of wine were passed about. 133 On one occasion a string player and a singer, belonging to Saladin, charmed king RichardY4 Later Louis IX was delighted with three Armenian brothers who performed a horn trio while tumblers did somersaults on a mat. 135 Many minstrels and acrobats, sets of dice, and, of course, public women were required to keep such a population amused. Horse-racing was not organized in our sense of the • word, but it was there in the germ.
Aubrey Stewart, PPTS, Vl-1 (London, 1894), 30. Ch. I UfE AMONG TliE EUROPEANS IN PALESTINE AND SYRIA 13 fastened horizontally, is pictured in the house of a Mozarab in Spain;67 doubtless the same device was used in the Holy Land, as well as in Europe. Wooden beds are mentioned: Philip of Novara had a hawk which perched upon his bed, 68 and Joinville had his bed so placed that he could always be seen from the doorway. 69 But where space was greatly needed, it is not unlikely that individuals slept on coutes, or thin mattresses, placed upon the floor.
170. lbn-Jubair, p. 315; Ernoul, trans. Conder, p. 5 I, .. ys this was true in many places on M t. Lebanon. 171. Soinvute, pp. 151-152. 172. James ofVitry, Eplstolae, p. 113. 26 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV bly after his midday rest he visited the sick until vespers (three to six o'clock). At that point he would eat once more; then he received widows and orphans before hiding away somewhere where he could read. He prayed and meditated much at night. Such a severe routine, for a man who had a sufficiently light touch to compose the Exemp/a, shows how obsessed he was by the need for labor in the Holy Land.
A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States) by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard