By Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years
I. Shakespear replaced Knox as British Agent in 1909. Over this period negotiations between Britain, Germany and Turkey on the route and the financing of the proposed railway took place. The British position was essentially simple; Britain was not prepared to compromise on having absolute control of the port of Kuwait, even if this meant collecting customs revenues and paying the receipts over to the Turkish government. At the same time lengthy negotiations took place between the British and Turkish governments aimed at agreeing a Convention settling all outstanding issues between them.
He posed two questions:4 1) 2) If we acquire fresh territory shall we make ourselves weaker or stronger? Ought we not take into account the very strong feeling in the Moslem world that Mohammedanism ought to have a political as well as a religious existence? Following his second question, he went on: If the latter question were answered in the affirmative, Arabia, Syria and Mesopotamia were the only possible territories for an Arab Empire. If we took this standpoint we could say to our Moslem subjects that, as Turkey had handed itself over to the Germans, we had set up a new and independent Moslem State.
The possibility had been discussed in a desultory way between the India Office and the Foreign Office previously, without a positive decision being made. At the same time the question of sending an agent to Ibn Saud was considered. Ibn Saud was to become King Abdul-Aziz and the founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia some quarter century later and was at that time mounting a serious challenge to Ottoman authority in the central Arabian peninsula. The proposal was shelved after the Foreign Office refused to consider it on the grounds that such a move would be seen in Constantinople as supporting an opposition movement against the legitimate Ottoman government.
A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin